When you take a walk through houses or improvement store, and you are prone to see the word “security” over and over again you can find security guards, lock, camera etc. Asking ourselves, why is protection (safe environment) so important to us? We need to feel safe in our environment. We prefer secured parking with a clearly marked track. We look for a safe and secure environment that allows us to recognize and respond to any danger, just like at home we need safe environments, children in preschool/school need a safe environment that helps them feel secure. Children depend on us to meet their basic needs at the same they also depend on us to protect them from harm so they feel safe allowing children to build relationships and becoming secure and meeting their perspective. In daycare center children need love and positive relationship for healthy brain development and staff working in the center should prevent any kind of harm to children from known risk or accidents. The center should always practice safe and sanitary at the highest risk with children in group care setting is from injuries and infection. Following is nutritional practices food which is safe, sanitizes, stored, prepared and served in a presented way in an appropriate portion and time.
An ideal location for child Centers should have a variety of open space depending on hours they spend in school; the age of the children attending are the 3-5 year and the number of children attending is 50. As these age groups requires space that can accommodate activities that allow children to use large muscles and do vigorous activities indoor and outdoor, the center should contain child friendly classroom, office area where you can meet parents, child- friendly restroom, and food serving space and the center should be designed to allow the children to independently move for body needs such as hunger, thirst, using the toilet and choose activities. Children, outdoor play should require running space, playing ball, climber, swings, slides, and storage of playing items such as tricycles and controlled access for safeguarding the outdoor area. If possible outdoor play should also contain a sand area, water play area, planting flower and vegetable area, pet (animal) area, and should have a 60 fence completely surrounding the play area. The center should completely be safe from air pollution, loud noise, toxic material that should not harm the indoor and outdoor surrounding of the center, the space that the daycare center requires is 40sq feet of free space per child this does not include space used for walkway or staff work areas for classroom, for security the center should have fire warning and safety system, the center to be licensed, well maintained electrical wiring to prevent any injury, staff supervision to prevent hazard and first aid kit. For upkeep in the center procedures for the routine cleaning and maintenance of the facility should be time to time. One person should be responsible for supervising and monitoring cleaning and other maintenance activities.
Promoting health, nutrition, and safety with indoor activities is important in day care center; the center should ensure that children are offered a variety of nutritional food with proper time and portion. Training children to know about their body parts to increase self-esteem and also teach/train them for safety touch as they should be aware of their environment. Children should have up-to-date immunizations that are listed in the national recommendation for their age, condition, and situation. The activity that should be practiced in daycare should be personal and dental hygiene including wiping, flushing, hand washing, cough and sneezing in good manners and tooth brushing; it should be practiced every day as to keep infection and bacteria away. The second activity that is important is expressing and identifying the feeling, in daycare center a child should be allowed to express their feeling while doing an activity that allows him/her to identify their feeling.
The two activities that can be reinforced to the children are vigorous and moderate activities. The moderate activity can involve planting garden or draw with chalk on walkways, this both moderate activity are excellent to do with children as it helps them bring out their creativeness while using chalk and moving that allows small muscle to develop and planting garden helps them to be aware of their environment that allows the fine motor skill and hand-eye coordination to develop. Vigorous activity should be reinforced like kicking the ball or climbing climber that allows them to strengthen their large muscle, preventing obesity, developing self-confidence, improving peers relationship and gives the ability to concentrate and learn. The center should promote children’s active play every day. Children should have ample opportunity to do moderate to vigorous activities such as running, climbing, dancing, skipping and jumping. All children, birth to six years, should participate.
An allergy is a condition in which the body’s immune system is responding to vigorously to a body. Something that enters the body that doesn’t belong there and body reaction causes symptoms that are known as an allergic reaction. An allergic reaction can be life-threatening. The symptoms can be rashes like eczema, breathing trouble with wheezing, swelling, stomach cramp and vomiting. The allergy that can have an impact on a child is skin allergy, children with skin allergy needs to avoid chemicals like soap, and paint etc.As skin condition can be itching and can lead to an open wound and bacterial infection. A helpful measure is to have cool compresses on an itchy area or cool bath followed immediately and lotion, cream, ointment should be applied to hold the moisture in the skin. In daycare center if a child has allergy should be protected from contact with material that the child is allergic, if a child who has allergies goes out from school campus for field trip, it may be a good idea to make a child wear a bracelet with information regarding his allergies so in case of emergency the staff are aware to do what if a situation gets worse.
Keeping children healthy, nutritional and safety is one of the most important tasks for daycare center providers. Whether children are in the center- or home-based care, providers are responsible for ensuring safety both indoor and outdoor. It’s highly important to enhance this three things that are will help center to develop and maintain the daycare center and letting the child grow in an appropriate way to develop their skills and stay healthy.