Welfare measures for Employees in Tata Steel Ltd.
Tata Steel Limited is a multi-location organization operating across the globe with more than 60,000 employees. They were trend setters in Employee welfare measures and had introduced schemes like 8 hour working day, Leave with pay, Workers Provident Fund which was later adopted by International Labor Organization and the same was implemented through a statute across the country.
Human beings are central and essential for the success of any organization. Tata Steel has achieved a pre-eminent position in Indian industry primarily through maintaining good relationships with its employees and other stakeholders. Our Company has always believed that its values and the standards it sets are the foundation of its very existence.
Jamsetji Tata, the Founder of the Tata Group said,” We do not claim to be more unselfish, more philanthropic than other people. But we believe in sound and generous business principles and regard the health and the welfare of our employees a sure foundation of our prosperity”.
Tata Steel began its operations in 1911 with an 8-hour working day when most workers in the rest of the world were working 10 to 12 hours per day. The Company has an unprecedented history of good industrial relations and labor welfare. This is thanks to management’s concern for the workers coupled with the proactive yet reasonable attitude and demands of the workers’ union which was founded in 1920. As a result of this proactive partnership, Tata Steel has many firsts in labor welfare standards worldwide and many of these have later been incorporated as laws by the country of India.
Labor welfare measures in Tata steel
Nos Employee Welfare Measures Introduced in Tata Steel Enforced by Law in Legal Measures
1 8 hour working day 1912 1948 Factories Act
2 Free Medical Aid 1915` 1948 Employees State Insurance Act (ESI Act)
3 Establishment of Welfare Dept 1917 1948 Factories Act
4 Formation of Works Committees 1919 1947 Industrial Disputes Act
5 Leave with Pay 1920 1948 Factories Act
6 Technical Institute for Training 1921 1961 Apprentice Act
7 Profit Sharing Bonus 1934 1965 Payment of Bonus Act
List of Welfare Measures in Tata Steel
• Health and Medical
• Parks and Gardens
• Clubs and Associations
• Leave and other benefits
• Holiday plans
• Transfer benefits
• Company car scheme
• Study leave
• Up-gradation of skills/training
• Sports and welfare
• Adventure foundation
• Retirement benefits
Safety and Ethics are given maximum importance in Tata Steel even if it is at the cost of incurring a financial loss. These two aspects are never compromised and driven right down from the Board of Director’s Level with the President of the Company responsible for Safety and Ethics along with a Councilor who is appointed to advise and review the policies and directly report to the Managing Director. This enables all its workers and their families to be rest assured of their physical safety as well as peace of mind (in case of ethical dilemma/psychological problem). The Tata culture has now transformed from being known for Ethics to now being known for Ethics and Safety.
Housing: In places where Tata Steel has its manufacturing and mining facilities like Jamshedpur, West Bokaro etc, Tata Steel has developed colonies to provide housing to their employees. Houses of various types are constructed and employees depending on their profile are allotted accommodation. The house allotment process is transparent based on points depending on their level and years of service. Those not provided with house are given House Rent Allowance.
Utilities: Power and Water to the colonies are provided by the Company. Earlier, this was being done by the Company Town Administration. This has later been made into separate Utilities providing Company called JUSCO (Jamshedpur Utilities and Services Company) which specializes in township administration. While in certain locations the employees are charged for theses utilities in other hardship locations, they are provided at nominal cost to the employees.
Health and Medical: Apart for the famous, state of art, Tata Medical Hospital, at Jamshedpur, the company also runs a whole host of hospitals and dispensaries in all its manufacturing and raw material locations. The employees and their family are provided these facilities free of cost. In case of requirement for higher treatment, there is a system of referring the patient to amongst the best hospitals in the country like Shankar Netralaya, Apollo Hospitals etc. The bills of the same are met by the Company. Frequent medical checks are also carried out at regular intervals to ensure good health of the employee at their work place. Places where such facilities are not available, the employee is reimbursed the cost of the medical treatment without any limits.
Education: Tata Steel supports Private Educational Institutions by providing them with land and facilities to set up the schools and colleges. They also run schools and colleges on their own to ensure good quality education to the wards of their employee. The fees in such Company run schools and colleges are very subsidized. They are also active in providing Vocational Training to their Employee Wards to make them employable in various fields.
Parks and Garden: As per the vision of their founder JN Tata, each of the locations where Tata Steel is operating is categorized by a lot of open spaces, parks, gardens, wide roads, trees, which is for the benefit of the employees and their families.
Clubs and Associations: To ensure that the Company Employees are able to spend quality time and relax/unwind after office hours, the Company runs many Clubs and Associations within their premises. These are also location for get together for festivals and other occasions. The membership of many of these clubs is exclusively only for the employees and the facilities provided are either free or at nominal cost.
Leave and Other Benefits: Tata Steel was the pioneer in offering its employees Leave with pay even before it became a legal compulsion. Apart from leaves like casual leave, privilege leave, the company also provides its employees Sick Leave. The Company also provides Maternity Leave of Six months to their female employees and paternity leave of 2 weeks for the male members for their first born. Tata Steel has also introduced the concept of Work from Home for its officers.
Holiday plans – guest house/holiday homes are provided or arrangements are made with top hotels within or outside the country for stay of the employee and their family at subsidized rates. Each officer/employee would be eligible for a specific number of room nights per year depending on their level in the organization. Also the company is maintaining holiday homes of its in places of tourist interest for example Puri, Darjeeling, Ooty, etc for the benefit of the employee.
Transfer benefit – for those employee who are transferred from one place to another the company provides an entire range of transfer benefits to the employee and their family including travel expenses, accommodations, movement of household goods, help in securing school admission, settlement allowances etc.
Company car scheme – for senior management cadre the company provides motor car or cash equivalent allowance in case the employee opts for company provided car. The car is bought in the name of the company for use by the officer concerned and also sold back to the same officer at written down value after a period of five years if he so desires to buy the same. The officer is eligible for a new car every five years. Company also provides chauffer and fuel allowance to the officers as well as car maintenance allowance to such officers.
Study leave – the company also has a scheme for study leave for its employees wherein an employee desiring to study further is granted leave for the period of such education and is taken back in the company post the completion of the course.
Up-gradation of skills – apart from funding local technical institutes the company also runs their own technical institute under the name Savak Nanaviti technical institute (SNIT) where training is imparted on a regular basis to upgrade the skills of their employees. Vocational training is also imparted to the children of the employee to make them employable.
Sports and welfare- the company promotes sports in all discipline in a big manner from golf, tennis, squash, billiards, chess, horse riding and water snookering etc. Jamshedpur has a reputation as the sports capital of Jharkhand with Tata Steel promoting many sporting activities from private clubs such as Jamshedpur FC which is an ISL team owned by Tata Steel and based in Jamshedpur.
State of art facility is available at Jamshedpur for all sports. Academies and stadiums such as the JRD Tata Sports Complex – which is an international standard multi-use stadium with an eight-lane monosynthetic track which is primarily used for football and athletics but also has facilities for various other sports including archery, basketball, field hockey, swimming, table tennis, tennis, volleyball, skating, yoga as well as a modern gymnasium, are available at the complex. The stadium also hosted the women football competition ; archery event of the 34th National Games in 2011.
Keenan Stadium hosted its 1st International One Day Cricket match on 7 December 1983 in which India lost to the touring West Indies Team. Many other International matches have been played here in which India has won only one match against South Africa in 1999–2000.
Tata Football Academy was started in 1987 to nurture budding Indian footballers and raise the standard of Indian football. TFA is a football club in Jamshedpur, sponsored by Tata Steel. Today, Tata Football Academy is one of the premier football breeding grounds in India.
Tata Archery Academy: archery is a sport indigenous to the tribal people of Chota Nagpur and Santhal Pargana. Tata Steel has pursued and nurtured the local tribal people and provided them with facilities and training to bring them up to international competition standards in archery. Its students have attributed a lot of fame to the institute by bringing in many medals in National and International competitions.
Sumant Moolgaokar Stadium
Named after Sumant Moolgaokar (5 March 1906 – 1989) who was Vice-Chairman of Tata Steel the stadium seats around 15,000 and is an arena for many sports, recreation, gym etc.
Jamshedpur has two golf courses—the Beldih Golf Course and the Golmuri Golf Course. Both these courses are at the heart of the city. The biggest is the Beldih Golf Course which is around 6,000 yards. The Golmuri Golf Course although smaller is also challenging. They together hold the annual Tata Open Golf Tournament which is an event held under the support of the Professional Golf Tour of India. The tournament was started in 2002. Jamshedpur also has the Jamshedpur Gliding Club and the Jamshedpur Co-operative Flying club.
Also many top class sportspersons are in the employment of the steel company. Such as Miss Deepika Kumari the ace archer is currently an employee of the company while Cricketers like Saurav Ganguly, Ajit Agarkar and Ramesh Saxena were employed by Tata steel.
Adventure foundation – to foster a spirit of adventure and fitness amongst its employees the company runs the Tata steel adventure foundation which is headed by none other than Miss Bachendra pal the first Indian women who conquered Mount Everest. This foundation conducts regular expeditions for its employees in mountaineering and trekking with Miss Bachendra pal designing many courses using natural resources as training materials and sharing her leadership experience/skills of such expeditions citing real life examples. She has successfully led many mountaineering and adventure expedition including an all women expedition to empower women in India and thereby creating more leaders.
Retirement benefits – the company provides the retiring employee other than the statutory provident fund and gratuity a superannuation benefit to all its officers which is totally contributed by the company further all retired employee are eligible for free treatment in Tata main hospital at Jamshedpur. For retired employee living outside Jamshedpur the company provides medical insurance cover to meet any medical exigencies.