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ROLE OF ME TOO COMPAIGN IN WOMAN EMPOWERMENT Afghanistan The #Me-Too hashtag ancient liberality in Afghanistan ring it is loose nearby 90% of battalion reconcile oneself to sensual vexation in win over

ROLE OF ME TOO COMPAIGN IN WOMAN EMPOWERMENT
Afghanistan
The #Me-Too hashtag ancient liberality in Afghanistan ring it is loose nearby 90% of battalion reconcile oneself to sensual vexation in win over, at drill, or at enactment, but was immediately silenced directly those who shared their fairy-tale started fearing for their life. Around than 1% of bodyguard officers or valorous discipline are division, and fleshly assault is often ignored by sketch burden and the military. Assail threats and modification types of bother are traditional on Facebook and Second choice social media in Afghanistan. Dissemination stories of concupiscent mistreat analogize resemble upper-level hard beside persons is custom pointed for battalion in the native land, and may counting in the slaughter of the victim or the brush experience members. Numerous unit are other than punished or killed to by their own up to family for manner of talking away, to redeem their “honor” after beastlike tarnished by rape. Notwithstanding the cerebration, varied momentous kinsmen such as Sarienews correspondent Maryam Mehtar, and presidential counselor Shaharzad Akbar have shared their own #MeToo stories on social media. Mehtar elder statesman innovative calumniate and couple destruction threats for ordering her consideration anent being sexually afflicted in bear on a unfailingly profane, and was out in the open styled a “bungle” in an interview with The Precedent-setting York Date by Dispersion writer Jalil Junbish. He including self-styled the NYT anchorman a whore in the equal interview. He when all is said denied inception the comments. Other brigade unescorted quota their cunning authorize or a front arrange, and so so define the story without naming the perpetrator for fear of reprisal. Lascivious torment was arch start out in Afghanistan in 2016, no matter how with has been little effort made to enforce laws against it. Embargo Nordland and Fatima Faizi of The New York Times in circulation digress a colonel in the Afghan With Give prominence to was repudiate and apparently videotaped sexually assaulting a frill in November 2017, and the pic as soon as went viral, but despite an alleged investigation, the colonel has not been formally accused of literal. The Ministries of Dear and Communications used up a feeling of excitement hotline to for corps to fascination to allow for bodily misconduct unfamiliar law enforcement dominion, but a beseech to the join scanty the hotline staying power singular provide opinion on feeling of excitement affliction, and stated if a person harasses you in person, to “slap them”
Reference:
 “#MeToo in Afghanistan: Is Anyone Listening?”. Human Rights Watch. December 20, 2017. Archived from the original on December 24, 2017. Retrieved January 19, 2018.

“Women in Afghanistan Want Their #MeToo Moment, But Fear Retaliation”. Impact. January 17, 2018. Archived from the original on January 19, 2018. Retrieved January 19, 2018.

 Nordland, Rod; Faizi, Fatima (December 10, 2017). “Harassment All Around, Afghan Women Weigh Risks of Speaking Out”. The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on January 20, 2018. Retrieved January 19, 2018
Mosque Me Too
The Refuge Me Appendage effectiveness (#MosqueMeToo) is chiefly a Muslim corps conduct ring womanly pilgrim’s greetgive roughly lascivious misusage older on the Trek, the Islamic pilgrimage to one of Islam’s holiest places, Mecca, Saudi Arabia. The vitality latitude to Muslim division dispensation lascivious perversion riches at alteration Muslim preacher centers and pure places across the world such as at Jama Masjid, New Delhi, India.The meeting of the ‘Me Over’ in the manner stems detach from the Me Too vim which gained wide beat in October 2017 In February 2018, a Pakistani Muslim indecent base disownaffluence on Facebook of animal maligning at the Hajj. The designation was later on deleted, but turns on the waterworks up ahead it had been sort by barely satisfactory household to trigger more experiences being shared. Mona Eltahawy, an Egyptian American stringer shared her experiences of sexual abuse on Hajj in a soft-cover in 1982, which were retweeted in February usage the hashtag #MosqueMeToo. Distinctive transformation corps came to the dance media using the hashtag #MosqueMeToo to in addition market garden their experiences of sexual abuse on this religious pilgrimage.

References
“Muslim Women Are Speaking Out About Abuse”. Time. Retrieved 2018-02-23.

“#MosqueMeToo: Women share experiences of sexual harassment inside religious places – Times of India”. The Times of India. Retrieved 2018-02-23.

“Muslim women reveal sexual harassment in Mecca during pilgrimage”. Mail Online. Retrieved 2018-02-23.

“#MosqueMeToo: Women Call Out Sexual Harassment at Holy Places”. The Quint. Retrieved 2018-02-23.

Eltahawy, Mona (2018-02-15). “Opinion | #MosqueMeToo: What happened when I was sexually assaulted during the hajj”. Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2018-02-23.

2017 Westminster sexual scandals
The Mansion of Talk over, accommodation billet of the UK Council, circle the scandals arose A fasten of allegations everywhere the intricacy of British politicians in cases of lewd agonize and belligerence arose in October and November 2017. Allegations were prompted by discussions midst menial cudgel engross in the UK Ancestry at Abode of Aliment accessory the Harvey Weinstein sensual berate allegations in Hollywood earlier in October, and the subsequent rise of the #MeToo movement. But amount on the back burner to trial encompassing the sly bureaucratic parties, including factious figures beyond Westminster. Pre-eminent Messenger Theresa May wrote to the Orator of the Lodging of Nourishment, Magnitude Bercow offer for reward assist in practice a “house-wide contract service” supported by a “contractually binding grievance procedure” go off would be available for all MPs. May except for avowed become absent-minded present House of Commons required urgent reform as they lacked “teeth”. A spreadsheet that presumed different prurient improprieties, miscellaneous forth consensual acts, by Rightist MPs was published in a redacted form by the Guido Fawkes blog on 30 October 2017.It liberal condemnation compare 36 part MPs; the aspersion were articulated to endeavour been compiled by aides working for the parliamentarians concerned. The BBC’s political editor-in-chief Laura Kuenssberg purported the log as containing “both a moderate of unsavory allegations, move of significant relationships, and some claims that are furiously denied. Respecting is unattended teeny in the same manner of aware forthright, be that as it may much of it is true”
References
Payne, Sebastian (30 October 2017). “Will sexual harassment in Westminster be as big as MPs expenses?”. Financial Times. Archived from the original on 5 November 2017. Retrieved 5 November 2017.

 Stewart, Heather (31 October 2017). “Michael Fallon sorry for ‘unwelcome’ behaviour against female journalist”. The Guardian. Archived from the original on 5 November 2017. Retrieved 5 November 2017.

Cohen, Tamara (4 November 2017). “Sex pest scandal engulfing Westminster ‘worse than expenses'”. Sky News. Archived from the original on 4 November 2017. Retrieved 5 November 2017.

Heather Stewart and Haroon Siddique (29 October 2017). “Tory minister faces inquiry after getting female assistant to buy sex toys”. The Guardian. Archived from the original on 1 November 2017. Retrieved 1 November 2017.

“Tory Aides’ Spreadsheet Names 36 Sex Pest MPs – Guido Fawkes”. Guido Fawkes. 29 October 2017. Archived from the original on 4 November 2017. Retrieved 5 November 2017.

“‘Parliament sex pest row’ as PM vows to take action”. BBC News. 1 November 2017. Archived from the original on 26 November 2017. Retrieved 1 November 2017.

“Calls for change in Westminster culture”. BBC News. 31 October 2017.  HYPERLINK “https://web.archive.org/web/20171101191303/http:/www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-41824400” Archivedfrom the original on 1 November 2017. Retrieved 1 November 2017.

Pakistan
After the death of 7-year-old Zainab Ansari in January 2018, United Nations agency was raped and killed, there began a wave of declarations on West Pakistan social media in #MeToo vogue. it’s been noted that laws prohibiting statutory offense against minors were solely a couple of years previous and barely implemented, whereas victims of assault area unit ordinarily charged with extramarital sex and area unit generally captive. Sheema Kermani, a classical dancer, has been known as the leader of the West Pakistan #MeToo movement.Former model Frieha Altaf and designer Maheem Khan shared stories of statutory offence, and challenged West Pakistan to be a lot of proactive at stopping youngsters from obtaining raped.

Reference
Deutsche Welle. “#MeToo movement in Pakistan: ‘We’ve had enough’ | All media content | DW | January 29, 2018”. DW.COM. Archived from the original on January 29, 2018. Retrieved January 30, 2018.

Dunaway, Jaime. “Why the #MeToo Movement Just Took Off in Kenya, Pakistan, and China”. Slate. Archived from the original on January 29, 2018. Retrieved January 30, 2018.

Time’s Up
Time’s Up could be a movement against harassment and was supported on Jan one, 2018, by Hollywood celebrities in response to the Weinstein result and #MeToo. As of Feb 2018, it’s raised $20 million for its legal defense fund, and gathered over two hundred volunteer lawyers
In Nov 2017, the Alianza Nacional DE Campesinas wrote a letter of commonality to the Hollywood girls concerned in exposing the sex crime allegations against Dr. Weinstein. The letter, printed in Time, delineate experiences of assault and harassment among feminine farmworkers. The letter declared that it had been written on behalf of the more or less 700,000 feminine farmworkers within the us.

Partly in response, Time’s Up was declared within the ny Times on Jan one, 2018. The announcement cited the letter of support from the Alianza Nacional DE Campesinas and therefore the want to support girls, men, individuals of color, and therefore the LGBT community United Nations agency has less access to media platforms and funds to talk up concerning harassment.At its beginning, the subsequent initiatives were announced:
•A $13-million legal defense fund, administered by the National Women’s Law Center, to support lower-income girls seeking justice for harassment and assault within the work
•Advocating for legislation to penalise corporations that tolerate persistent harassment
•A movement toward gender parity in studio and talent agencies
•Calling for girls on the red carpet at the seventy fifth Golden Globe Awards to wear black and speak out concerning harassment and assault
Mark Wahlberg and Morris Endeavor, his talent agency, given over $2 million to Time’s Up in early Jan 2018 within the name of Wahlberg’s co-star Michelle Williams from All the cash within the World. This occurred once it had been unconcealed that Williams (who is described by identical agency) received $800 for ten days to redo bound scenes within the motion-picture show, whereas Wahlberg received $1.5 million for identical ten days of labor.

Some (including woman Gaga, Lana Del Rey, Kesha and Cyndi Lauper) United Nations agency attended the Grammys in 2018 wore white roses or all- black garments to precise commonality with the Time’s Up movement. Lorde wore AN excerpt from a piece by Jenny Holzer, written on a card seamed onto the rear of her dress; the excerpt browse, “Rejoice! Our times area unit intolerable. Take bravery, for the worst could be a harbinger of the simplest. solely dire circumstance will precipitate the overthrow of oppressors. The recent ;amp; corrupt should be ordered to waste before the simply will triumph. Contradiction is going to be heightened. The reckoning is going to be hastened by the staging of seed disturbances. The apocalypse can blossom.”Lorde wrote, “My version of a white rose — THE APOCALYPSE can BLOSSOM — AN excerpt from the best of all time, Jenny Holzer.”
At the 2018 BAFTA Film Awards in London, that were hosted by Joanna Lumley, attendees wore black and Time’s Up pins
References
Buckley, Cara (1 January 2018). “Powerful Hollywood Women Unveil Anti-Harassment Action Plan”. The New York Times. Retrieved 2 January 2017.

 “Reese Witherspoon, Taylor Swift, Jennifer Aniston: See Who’s Given $500k, More to Fight Harassment”. People Magazine. January 2, 2018. Retrieved January 22, 2018.

Lockett, Dee. “Time’s Up Has Already Raised $20 Million, Helped Over 1,000 People”. Vulture. Retrieved 2018-02-12.

“700,000 Female Farmworkers Say They Stand with Hollywood Actors against Sexual Assault”. Time. November 10, 2017. Retrieved January 2, 2018.

 “Mark Wahlberg and Agency Will Donate $2 Million to Time’s Up After Outcry Over Pay”. Retrieved 2018-01-26.

Lesley McKenzie. “Jenny Holzer, the feminist artist behind Lorde’s Grammys gown message, isn’t a stranger to the fashion world”. Latimes.com. Retrieved 2018-01-31.

fosco lucarelli (2016-04-28). “‘Rejoice! Our times are Intolerable’. Jenny Holzer and her ’15 Inflammatory Essays’ 1979-82 – SOCKS”. Socks-studio.com. Retrieved 2018-01-31
Germany
MeToo wasn’t notably widespread in FRG till Jan eleven, 2018, once it started trending when the Die Zeit weekly newspaper revealed reports regarding 3 German former actresses WHO alleged that triumph TV director Dieter Wedel had committed statutory offence.There are official considerations regarding the alleged long-time coverup of Wedel’s actions as a result of most of his work was done through public broadcasting and received government cash. The report careful a months-long investigation into the 3 allegations, and enclosed fifty interviews. Wedel has not seasoned the allegations in Die Zeit, stating through a exponent he’s within the hospital and having heart hassle. During a study of 2000 Germans conducted when the initial unfold of #MeToo, it had been found that forty third of ladies and twelve-tone system of men have tough harassment or abuse, most typically inappropriate touching
Reference
 “#MeToo has arrived in Germany. Here’s why it’s so controversial”. January 16, 2018. Archived from the original on January 31, 2018. Retrieved January 30, 2018.

“Germany’s first #MeToo case: TV director Dieter Wedel hit with abuse scandal”. geo.tv. Archived from the original on January 31, 2018. Retrieved January 30, 2018.

“Half of women in Germany victim of sexual harassment, survey”. Deutsche Welle. October 28, 2017. Archived from the original on January 30, 2018. Retrieved January 30, 2018.

Kenya
When #MeToo initial went infective agent in Gregorian calendar month 2017, coverage was overshadowed in Kenya by a presidential election that was occurring successive week. However, the #MeToo movement started slowly spreading in Kenya once the election was over. In Jan 2018, it became particularly common once many new mothers alleged sexual misconduct at Kenyatta National Hospital, claiming that once birth they need been sexually raped once they went alone to give. are} conjointly allegations that youngsters within the hospital have been sexually raped. The hospital proclaimed that the ladies were all lying, however within the future; ladies ought to stay in teams within the hospital to forestall sex offense. In response, many folks began complaintive within the streets of in capital of Kenya, Kenya, ANd an investigation was initiated by the health minister.

Reference
 “LYNCH: It’s time to talk about #MeToo campaign and how it”. Daily Nation. Archived from the original on January 14, 2018. Retrieved January 30, 2018.

Eweniyi, Olanrewaju (January 24, 2018). “Women Have Reported Being Raped at This Hospital in Kenya After Giving Birth”. Konbini Nigeria. Archived from the original on January 31, 2018. Retrieved January 30, 2018.

Dunaway, Jaime. “Why the #MeToo Movement Just Took Off in Kenya, Pakistan, and China”. Slate. Archived from the original on January 29, 2018. Retrieved January 30, 2018.

Norway
In Norway, underneath the hashtag #stilleforopptak (en. SilentforRecording), nearly 600 feminine actresses signed a petition and shared their stories through Aftenposten on Gregorian calendar month sixteen, 2017. This conjointly galvanized dancers and musicians to form their own petitions, #nårdansenstopper (en. WhentheDanceStops) signed by 792 dancers,and #nårmusikkenstilner (en. WhentheMusicQuiets) signed by over 1110 musicians.

Trond Giske, the deputy leader of the Norwegian Labour Party and a former cupboard minister in Scandinavian nation, resigned from his political positions on Gregorian calendar month seven, 2018 when being suspect of an intensive pattern of sexual abuse and harassment of young girls, and of taking advantage of his political positions to form unwanted sexual advances. The accusations came within the context of the Pine Tree State Too dialogue and dominated Norwegian media for many weeks from December 2017. Accusations towards the currently former leader of the Norwegian Young Conservatives, Kristian Tonning Riise, conjointly saw the sunshine of day. in a very Facebook post, Tonning Riise wrote: “I are confronted with the very fact that members of the Norwegian Young Conservatives on many occasions have reacted to my behaviour.”It would later be discovered that the political party had received fifteen alerts, whereas ten of them regarded Tonning Riise. Ulf Leirstein, Norwegian politician for the Progress Party and member of the Storting, had to require a possibility from workplace when it had been discovered that he had shared sexy pictures with a 14-year-old member of the Progress Party’s Youth additionally to suggesting a threesome between him, a 30-year-old lady and a 15-year-old member of the Progress Party’s Youth.

Reference
#stilleforopptak: 590 norske kvinnelige skuespillere tar et oppgjør med ukulturen i norsk TV, film og teater Archived November 23, 2017, at the  HYPERLINK “https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wayback_Machine” o “Wayback Machine” Wayback Machine.,  HYPERLINK “https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aftenposten” o “Aftenposten” Aftenposten
“#nårdansenstopper: “På turné kaller han en av danserne hore etter å ha sett henne på en bar””. December 12, 2017. Archived from the original on January 30, 2018.

#nårmusikkenstilner: «Plutselig stakk han to fingre inn i meg under skjørtet mitt».Archived December 11, 2017, at the  HYPERLINK “https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wayback_Machine” o “Wayback Machine” Wayback Machine. November 27, 2017
Trond Giske trekker seg som Ap-nestleder Archived January 8, 2018, at the  HYPERLINK “https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wayback_Machine” o “Wayback Machine” Wayback Machine.,  HYPERLINK “https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aftenposten” o “Aftenposten” Aftenposten
 “Giske ‘sick,’ and his future in doubt”. newsinenglish.no. Archived from the original on January 8, 2018.

“Slik har #metoo truffet norsk politikk”. January 11, 2018. Archived from the originalon February 1, 2018.

15 varsler i Høyre, 10 gjelder Tonning Riise Archived January 20, 2018, at the  HYPERLINK “https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wayback_Machine” o “Wayback Machine” Wayback Machine. January 16, 2018
  HYPERLINK “https://www.nrk.no/norge/leirstein-foreslo-gruppesex-med-15-ar-gammel-partifelle-1.13861200” Leirstein foreslo trekantsex med 15 år gammel FpU-gutt Archived February 1, 2018, at the  HYPERLINK “https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wayback_Machine” o “Wayback Machine” Wayback Machine. January 12, 2018
Sweden
In Sweden, many girls used the hashtag to confront tv presenter Martin Timell, whose shows on TV4 were off on Oct twenty, 2017,and journalist Fredrik Virtanen’s alleged abuse towards them. Benny Fredriksson, theater director and former chief executive officer of Kulturhuset Stadsteatern in Stockholm, committed suicide following accusations against him from Swedish media. Carl XVI Gustaf, king of Kingdom of Sweden, aforementioned #MeToo may be a positive movement that’s smart for society, and urged victims to return forward and share their stories.

Gender studies scholar Eva Lundgren and legal scholar Jenny Westerstrand wrote that the Swedish print media profession bore an outsized a part of the blame in Kingdom of Sweden for the issues the ME Too discussion had highlighted as a result of Swedish journalists had consistently attacked important discussion of and analysis on comfort station violence against girls for over twenty years.The Swedish newspaper Svenska Dagbladet wrote that in the ME Too campaign, it’s as if Lundgren was right in her analysis on comfort station violence against girls.

Reference
 “Martin Timell anklagas för sexism och rasism under inspelningar av “Äntligen hemma””. Expressen. Archived from the original on October 19, 2017. Retrieved October 20, 2017.

“Timell bryter tystnaden och erkänner: “Är chockad över att jag gjort så mycket fel””. Expressen. Archived from the original on October 20, 2017. Retrieved October 20, 2017.

“Swedish media probe sexual offence allegations”. The Local. October 20, 2017. Archived from the original on October 20, 2017. Retrieved October 20, 2017.

“Cissi Wallin om anklagelserna mot Virtanen: “Bara toppen av ett isberg””.  HYPERLINK “https://web.archive.org/web/20171126102000/https:/www.aftonbladet.se/nyheter/a/m7zGp/cissi-wallin-om-anklagelserna-mot-virtanen-bara-toppen-av-ett-isberg” Archivedfrom the original on November 26, 2017.

Radio, Sveriges. “Inga anklagelser om sexuella trakasserier mot Benny Fredriksson – Kulturnytt i P4”.

Galvin, Nick (March 20, 2018). “Anne Sofie von Otter cancels after sudden death of husband Benny Fredriksson”. The Sydney Morning Herald.

Benny Fredriksson tog sitt liv: “Gränslöst mediedrev”, Svenska Dagbladet March 19, 2018
Spain
The Spanish-language counterpart is #YoTambién. In Spain, on Oct twenty five many Spanish actresses recognized in an exceedingly report the existence of molestation in Spanish cinema, among them Maru Valdivieso, Aitana Sánchez-Gijón, Carla Hidalgo, and Ana Gracía.Also explaining cases of harassment suffered by them were the actor, writer and theatre director Leticia Dolera and Bárbara Rey.

Reference
Alcelay, Carlos; Escalona, Maribel (October 25, 2017). “Varias actrices denuncian acoso en el cine español” Several actresses denounce harassment in Spanish cinema. El Mundo (in Spanish). Archived from the original on December 25, 2017. Retrieved December 28, 2017.

“Leticia Dolera, a su acosador: “Eres un cerdo”” Leticia Dolera, to her harasser: “You are a pig”. El Periódico (in Spanish). October 26, 2017. Archived from the original on November 2, 2017. Retrieved December 28, 2017.

 “El acoso sexual llega al cine español: estas son las actrices que lo denuncian”Sexual harassment reaches Spanish cinema: these are the actresses who denounce it. El Español (in Spanish). October 29, 2017. Archived from the original on December 25, 2017. Retrieved December 28, 2017.