27 June 2018
ART 102 040W / Lynch
Test One Essay
Cimabue, Virgin and Child Enthrone vs. Parmigianino, Madonna of the Long Neck
During the early centuries, art served a different purpose than what it does today. Art pieces were created for different purposes in the past. Furthermore, art was not something easily produce and not everyone can easily own. Art pieces varies from one another due to the different things that influenced it. Cimabue, Virgin and Child Enthroned, and Parmigiano, Madonna of the Long Neck are examples of art pieces that contains the same content/idea but are as identical as it is distinct to each other.
Both art pieces consist of the same objective, which is Virgin Mary and Jesus Christ. The two art pieces, Cimabue, Virgin and Child Enthroned, and Parmigiano, Madonna of the Long Neck, have both the Virgin Mary and her child larger compared to the others in the painting to show their importance. Virgin Mary in both pieces is sitting on a chair with Jesus Christ resting on her lap. Also, the two paintings consist of angels and important figures.
Despite the similarity of the two art pieces to its content and muses, they could not have been more different to each as it’s likeness to each other. Cimabue, Virgin and Child Enthroned, was created during 1280, it is over 12 feet tall. It is made by using “tempera ang gold on wood panel” (Stokstad and Cothren 548). During the time this art pieced was being made, Byzantine iconography influences art pieces, hence, Virgin Mary’s hand (Stokstad and Cothren 549). This piece was used as an altarpiece, hence, the objective of this painting, so the use of highlights and gold “to capture their divine radiance” is very appropriate, also, the use of warmth color to give human figures a “naturalistic warmth” makes the painting more realistic (Stokstad and Cothren 549). On the other hand, the Madonna of the Long Neck by Parmigianino is a painting that was created during 1534-1540 (Stokstad and Cothren 680). During this time, painters were heavily influenced by other painters, for Parmigianino, that was Correggio, however, Parmigianino was also influenced by other artists such as Raphael and Michelangelo, which “developed in Parmigianino’s Mannerism style” (Stokstad and Cothren 680). Unlike from Cimabue’s Virgin and Child Enthroned, Parmigianino’s Jesus Christ in his painting is not an infant, his looks more of a three-year-old child. Furthermore, this painting is very disproportion, which is the exact opposite of the Cimabue’s with its symmetric style. The Virgin Mary have very slender neck, which according to Elizabeth Cropper, an Art Historia, “is a visual analogy references a sixteenth-century. . . ideal beauty in women” (Stokstad and Cothren 680).
Thus, Cimabue’s Virgin and Child Enthroned and Parmigianino’s Madonna of the Long Neck regardless of it being both containing Virgin Mary and her child its similarities cease there. The two art pieces are very different to each from the when it is created to how it is made, and how it is perceived by the painters.
Stokstad, Marilyn, et al. Art History. 6th ed., vol. C, Pearson Education, 2018