Having effective communication can help the priciples of building a positive relationship, it should include having respect and consideration towards others.
Building a relationship at different stages of a young persons life changes rapidly and having a good understanding of this is necessary.
Children and young adukts should feel comfortable in our company at all times, this should then encourage more constructive communication between everyone.
We should respect, listen to and value their opinions and points of view for example,
whilst talking to a child or young adult which has english as their second language, you would need to speak slower, with lots more annunciation and facial expression.
Also the use of flash cards can be helpful so they can point to or show you exactly what they want.
For children or young people it is the little things like remembering their birthday or something else that may be significant to them, they will then feel like they have been listened to and what they have said is important.