According to “World Health Organization”, obesity entails accumulation of excessive fat that may impair health. An obese person has body mass index (weight to height ratio) of 30 and above. More than 500 million people worldwide suffer from obesity and the number is increasing by the day. Obesity does not happen overnight but rather a gradual process largely caused by lifestyle changes/choices. In the essay following, focus is on the causes, possible solutions in a community and programs applicable in helping to deal with obesity.
Over the years diet choices have been influenced by lifestyle changes which is the primary cause of obesity. According to Hurt et al (780), people frequently eat large portions of fast/processed foods, sugary drinks/beverages, and alcohol. Consumers prefer fast food because the food has a good taste; restaurants are quick, easy to visit and cheaper as compared to preparing healthier meals at home (Rydell et al, 2066). In addition, some people find comfort in eating when stressed or idle. On the contrary, genetics conditions such as Prader-Willi syndrome can cause obesity however; it does not mean weight loss is impossible.
According to “NHS Choices”, people use cars to and from work; at workplace, most jobs require people to sit entire day with little/limited movement. For leisure internet surfing, watching TV and computer games are common for adults and children. Some school have no playground thereby children seldom play or engage in sports. All the above coupled with lack of exercise translates to stored fat in the body as calories utilized are lower than calories consumed.
Community needs to put efforts on living actively and support eating habits that are healthy. “World Health Organization”, suggests initiatives to push for tax policy on sugar sweetened beverages and making sure restaurants exhibit contents of calories and nutritional value on the menu. In addition, provision of incentives to farmers and supermarkets to start businesses in areas under served. Schools should encourage children to drink water instead of sweetened beverages, establishing salad bars and extra time for physical education. In addition ensuring healthy food choices are available and running media campaigns geared towards keeping fit by using paths, cycling or walking to work. Also opening community gym and supporting the practice of regular physical activity in the workplace will reduce obesity.
Women and men require an average of 2000 and 2500 calories respectively per day (“NHS Choices”). To achieve long-term changes an obese person should endeavor to reduce calorie intake, Lustig (np) advises by limiting total sugars and fats not only makes people lose weight but also happier, healthier, and smarter. According to the “World Health Organization”, individuals can reduce obesity by increasing vegetables and fruits consumption in addition to nuts, legumes, and whole grains. A healthier diet combined with an exercise routine that consists of at least 150 minutes of intense-moderate aerobics per week will facilitate weight loss and fitness in the end.
Following the introduction, obesity occurs gradually due to lifestyle changes/choices. The discussion identifies solutions community can adopt such as: healthy and active living, increasing time for physical education in schools and tax policy on sweetened beverages. On the other hand, individuals should limit sugar and fats intake and maintain an intense-moderate work out session to reduce obesity.